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Report Catalogue Data

  Report Class   General Public Report
  Analysis Type   Situation Analysis
  Issue Category   Energy Analysis
  Publish Date   10_21_2009
  Last Update  
  Reference Code   GPR-SA.EA.ESA-20091021-ASFx

Energy Sources Adoption Analysis
Energy-Source Adoption Societal-Factors Analysis


Recently the comprehensive characterization of an energy source, with respect to the potential consequences, has become significant as the push for the adoption of an energy source as an alternative to fossil energy sources has taken greater impetus. Needless to state that one source of this greater impetus is the concerns over Global warming and its derivative consequences. The secondary source, of course, is that the Western world has started reconciliatory realignment of its energy needs with its human rights policies.

The adoption of any energy source, however, is attended with several factors that must be taken into consideration. Some of these factors are collectively borne from the mode of usage, and so rightly are adoption use-factors. However, there are also other factors yet, which go beyond the use-factors, that collectively stem from the consequential impact on societal well-being, collectively Societal-Factors, as a result of the adoption of the specific energy source. These somewhat self-evident characteristic, given in Table 1, are  determinable from consideration of lifestyle of the populace.

  Table 1   Adoption Societal-Factors
  • Prospective Land-Use Demand
  • Food Demands
  • Energy Source Carbon Footprint: Kyoto Protocol Compliance
  • Environmental Factors

So then the requirement is that the fuel in whatever form it is released for use should be viable for use in both portable and non-portable forms, coupled with the technical factors.

The Land-Use factor is crucial to the adoption of an energy source. By and large the demand for land from which to extract an energy source raw materials must not collide with the demand for land for human habitation. the fact is that shelter is a fundamental need of humanity and must always have higher assigned priority than anything else.  The interactive coupling between ofthe impact of an energy source, 's', with respect to demand for land-use for producing the raw materials consequent on societal demand for energy that is generated from the energy source, and the


 societal demand for land for habitation resulting from prospective population growth, can be conceptually assessed with the rational analysis guided construction of the set of three equations:

          Φ(t) = 1  - ∫v(Φ, t)Q(p,s,x)dt                               (1)

           dp/dt = W(p, l(x), b)                                            (2)

           ds/dt = X(p, Φ(t), a)                                              (3)

where with respect to Eq.1, Φ(t) is L(t)/L(0): the integration range is time t= to to t = τ, - with 'to' being the origin of the energy source adoption and 'τ' is any time in the future; L(0) is the landmass available at time to; and v(Φ, t) is the integral operator and Q(p, s, x) is the function embodying the coupling between population p(t), energy source s(t), and dependence on geographical region , 'x', on the earth; with respect to Eq.2, W is the function defining the driving force for population changes, 'b' is a constant, and  l(x) is lifestyle dependence that is itself a function of geographical region;  and with respect to Eq.3, X is the function defining the dependence of 's' on the population, and available land-mass, and 'a' is a constant.

Indeed, the significant feature of Eq.1 is the growth of Q(p, s, x) such that there exists a time t-critical, 'tc' when the demand for land due to population growth collides with the land-use demand to support more energy generation to meet the needs of the growing population or when the norm of the integral approaches unity ('1') - its upper bound. Actually, some constructive manipulation of the equations may result in a reduced-variable integro-differential equation that reveals the acceleration of land-use demand as being driven by the cumulative usage of land.

Remarkably similar analysis platform - except that the integral equation, Eq.1, is replaced yet with another differential equation - can be constructed for assessing the impact of food-demand, and the collision for land-use demand is still inevitable with respect to even this factor, though the analysis leading to the collision obtains differently due to the absence of the integral equation. 

The carbon footprint factor obtains in view of the recent concerns about the issues of Greenhouse gases effects on global warming, and derivative


impacts: There has been quite a bit of effort focused on developing means to reduce the ghg-emission into the atmosphere. The situation in fact has been captured under the United Nations frameworks such as Kyoto Protocol and  Bali Objectives which require that in the very least of cases, the energy source being utilized in an Energy Generation System  should limit any contribution to ghg emission. This need for compliance with the United Nations managed regulations is necessarily a factor of concern that must be addressed in the adoption of any energy source for energy generation.

The role the Environmental Factors, though not necessarily obvious, is nonetheless not of marginal impact in the context of society well-being. Two categories of environmental pollution currently plagues humanity: Energy Sources related pollutants such as Greenhouse Gas Effects due to ghg already emitted into the atmosphere, and non-energy sources related pollutants. In any event, there exists the need to remediate these pollutants.

With respect to ghg-emission, though compliance with the Kyoto Protocol and subsequent World regulations slows down the volumetric venting of the Greenhouse gases, GHG, ghg, society is still confronted with the need to initiate and undertake a remediation of the ghg already in the environment so that the upward  trend of the ghg-effects is moderated, stagnated and ultimately reversed. Consideration for the well-being of society similarly supports the capability of an energy source for pollution remediation as of worthy societal factor that has significance in any selection of an energy source for adoption.

Evident from the above analysis are the realizations that of critical consideration - as Societal-factors - with respect to energy source adoption for energy generation are absence of intrinsic competitiveness for land-use because of the prospective collision with the population growth demands, the absence of the need to share food for the production of energy again because of the prospective collision with demand for food by growing population, and the potential of an energy source to contribute towards remediation of environmental pollution whether or not derivative of energy generation processes.


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